Technological development for decarburization

Technological development for decarburization

Giuseppe Didonna
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A clean energy goal in Istanbul, where the debate on the global future has emphasized the need to devise formulas to improve the techniques of production supply and storage. Experiences of the United Arab Emirates and Germany

Clean energy and technological innovation: closely related issues. The former is the goal and the latter the means, both closely concerning the energy industry. A connection that the events of the World Energy Council have examined in depth during the congress in Istanbul, with workshops dedicated to identifying the priorities to be addressed to deal with the energy needs of the future

Less volatility, more storage: the UAE formula

Twenty of the world’s major economies have ensured that investments intended for research and development in clean energy will double over the next 5 years. Will it suffice to ensure the elimination, or, at least, the reduction, of coal in the transport and domestic heating sectors? According to the WEC, it is essential to work towards eliminating the uncertainties related to the volatility of wind and solar power, as well as towards the fundamental development of new storage technologies. The Minister of Energy for the United Arab Emirates, Suhail Mohamed Al-Mazrouei, recalled the importance of the COP21 agreement, defined as the ''starting point'' for the international community, committed to diversifying resources and promoting the use of renewables. According to Al-Mazrouei, the aspect of trade and exchange of forms of energy is important, given that renewables and clean energy must be able to carve out an increasingly significant role. The formula followed by the United Arab Emirates is based on long-term strategies, in which the attractiveness and marketability of the forms of energy produced on the market remain central: ''a competition in which traditional resources and renewables take part''. Producing low-cost renewables, consequently increasing their attractiveness on the market, is a goal that the United Arab Emirates has pursued through a stable market, long-term contracts (closely related to the former) and links with neighboring countries. The next goal is storage technologies.

Popular shareholding wins in Germany

Claiming the results of the German government was Rainer Baake, Secretary of State with responsibility for Energy and Economy, who admitted past mistakes that, however, did not prevent Germany from ''learning to produce electricity from wind and solar power at the same prices as gas and much more economically than nuclear''. The key to Germany’s success, which has increased shareholdings in the nuclear energy market by 32%, is, according to Baake, popular shareholding. ''We have activated 25,000 wind turbines and 26 million solar panels from 2000 to date. Figures that would not have been possible without citizen participation and an increased number of producers, especially small producers''. Germany’s priority remains liberation from coal, a goal that, if achieved and shared by the international community, would enable re-entry within the parameters established by the Climate Conference. Tufan Erginbilgic, Executive Head of Downstream at BP, agrees, reiterating the three key directions for abandoning coal: increasing energy efficiency, shifting to clean energies and developing technologies for the circulation and trading of renewables. ''Freeing ourselves from coal will create jobs and increase quality of life for all''.