Generating 100% of electricity from renewable sources is a target which various countries are striving for, both for budget reasons and in order to supply energy to the remotest areas of the globe, since a solar panel can generate electricity even where power lines and pylons can’t reach. The “100% renewable” countries include Costa Rica, which in 2004 managed to reach 47% and now thrives on alternative energies. Countries on the road to making renewables more than an alternative – able to cover their entire energy demand – include Germany, Iceland, Scotland, Uruguay, Denmark, Portugal and Paraguay, all of which have been investing for years in clean energy, some having already reached peak output of 100% from solar, wind, hydroelectric, geothermal or wave energy.
Among other countries that are enhancing their renewable energy output, there is France, where Engie recently started up the country’s first marine geothermal power plant. The 35 million Euro investment will generate 19 mW in the vicinity of Marseille.
It’s not only governments that have taken up the challenge, but also important institutions like MIT in Boston, which recently signed a 25-year contract with the Post Office Square Redevelopment Corporation for the purchase of energy from a 60 mW solar farm in North Carolina, the largest renewable energy project ever built in the USA. With this deal, MIT plans to cut its carbon dioxide emissions by 17% and cover 100% of the energy needs of the Boston Medical Center and the parking facilities of the Post Office Square Redevelopment Corporation.