By 2030 wind power could account for 25% of total energy production in China, compared to last year’s figure of 3%. The estimate comes from Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Mit), who highlighted that, in order to reach that result, it will be necessary to construct new wind farms in certain areas that facilitate the integration of energy production in the existing power system, even though some of these areas are not the windiest.
China, in order to follow through on its COP 21 commitment to generate 20% of its electric power from renewable sources, is in urgent need of increasing investments in renewable energy technology. As explained by the MIT experts in a recent study published by Nature Energy, the country will have to integrate wind farms and coal plants, making the latter more flexible in order to decrease production when wind power production capacity is high and increase production when necessary. To date, coal plants have a high level of minimal production, a level that cannot currently be decreased without major side effects and this hinders alternative energy production. Beijing faces a challenge to reduce minimal production levels through new policies and market mechanisms that allow for full integration between fossil fuels and renewable energy sources.